THE coloring of many species of animals enables them to deceive their enemies. The brown of herbivores in the forest make them invisible against the earth. The stripes of zebras make it difficult for predators to make out their shapes in the grassland. Snow hares can change their coats from brown to white in winter. Then there are creatures that alter their color on demand: flatfish morph from yellow to brown, chameleons camouflage to mate or communicate with their own species. Color change not only tricks enemies, it helps predators to pounce on their prey. The stripes of the tiger make it difficult to spot them amid tall grasses. Shape also serves as camouflage: butterflies resemble leaves, stick insects look like twigs. As for human beings, they have used bright colors for easy identification in foggy war situations. Other camouflage tricks include wearing khaki and ghillie suits. Warships and submarines, painted with complex patterns and contrasting colors, confuse enemy ships.
Jiji Setavoraphan, Secondary Three
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This summary was written in response to the ‘O’ Levels 2012 exam, Question #13:
Summarize the different methods and uses of camouflage to be found in the natural world and among human beings.